Like any other surgical procedure, though infrequent, complications may occur and they include Fluid retention or excessive loss of blood and fluids, infection, reaction to anesthesia medications, pigmentation changes (hypo/hyper), skin numbness – this is to be expected and is usually only temporary.
Some potential complications specific to breast augmentation include:
Implant leakage or rupture. One or both of the implants may leak in the course of time. In the case of a saline implant, saltwater will be safely absorbed by the body but the silicone filling of the silicone implants will remain in place. Nevertheless, the shell of the implant must be removed from the body and the implants need to be replaced.
The formation of tight scar tissue around the implant (capsular contracture). The natural reaction of the body to a foreign object is to build fiber tissue around it. On rare occasions, this fibre becomes so thick that is stiffens the breast causing pain and discomfort. It may even affect the shape of the breast. Surgery will be needed to correct this condition. Placing the implant under the muscle reduces the risk of developing capsular contracture.
Breast implants make the detection of breast cancer through mammography difficult. Other methods of cancer screening may be employed such as MRI and ultrasound.