Who Is a Good Candidate?
You are a good candidate for this procedure if:
- • You are physically healthy and no active disease.
- • You have realistic expectations of the operation.
- • You have firm skin with good elasticity and good muscle consistency.
- • As too many weight changes can negatively affect the operation results, you should not lose weight severely or have proper control over your weight changes.
- • You know that Liposuction is not a cure for obesity and is not a substitute for exercise and diet.
- • You know that Liposuction is not an effective treatment for sagging skin.
- • If you are not already a smoker or have just quit because smoking increases the risk of postoperative complications.
- • You don’t have any history of neck surgery.
The surgeon makes a minimal incision under the chin and inserts a steel tube called a fat cannula into the skin and muscle.
The suction process creates small tunnels through the fat layer that collapse after surgery to form a thin contour, thus eliminating the appearance of wrinkles. This procedure is performed only under local anesthesia and is considered outpatient surgery.
The liposuction technique has become popular due to its declared safety. This procedure involves pumping several quarts/liter of solution subcutaneously into the area being sucked. The solution contains saline, to which local anesthetic lidocaine is added to tighten the surgical site and block the arteries (adrenaline) to minimize bleeding. The fat is then sucked through small tubes.
General care includes rest, diet, and medication that are common to almost all surgeries, and here we review them together:
1. In the first 48 hours after the operation, it is better to use an ice pack alternately to reduce swelling.
2. Adequate rest – You should rest for a week lying on your back with two pillows under your head.
3. Do not touch the postoperative dressing until the first visit by your surgeon – usually 2-3 days after the operation – unless you have coordinated with him.
4. Diet: Start with fluids and, if you tolerate the usual diet and preferably “low salt.”
5. Avoiding constipation and impaired bowel function secondary to immobility and effects of anesthesia: by consuming plenty of fluids, fresh fruits and vegetables, and using laxatives if necessary.
6. Consumption of fresh pineapple to accelerate the absorption of bruising and swelling after surgery thanks to its richness of bromelain and vitamin C.
7. Limit salt intake for at least 2 weeks to reduce swelling and the possibility of fluid accumulation.
8. Avoid smoking and alcohol for at least 4 weeks after surgery, especially in combination with hypnotic painkillers.
9. Regular and complete use of medications prescribed by your surgeon, including antibiotics, analgesics, and anti-nausea medications (if needed) as directed.
10. Avoid taking aspirin and similar drugs unless in consultation with your doctor.
11. To reduce the risk of blood clots in your legs, get up and walk whenever you need to eat or use the toilet.
12. During the first days after the operation, should avoid any trauma. It is better to use buttoned or zippered clothes for more comfort and to avoid impact.
This procedure, like any other surgery, has its risks. You need to make sure that you have chosen an expert surgeon. The risks of this operation are summarized below:
- • Bleeding
- • Complications of anesthesia
- • Shock (usually from fluid loss during surgery)
- • Accumulation of fluid (fluid under the skin)
- • Infections (strep, staph)
- • Fat embolism (when pieces of fat separate slightly and block blood flow)
- • Uneven fat
- • Reaction to lidocaine
- • Change in skin sensation; numbness
- • Damage to nerves, blood vessels, muscles
Side effects of neck liposuction are usually infrequent due to the small incisions used during treatment. These side effects may last for a few days after treatment and disappear on their own.